Types of piles, its causes, symptoms, and treatment

Piles can strike almost anyone. Piles or hemorrhoids are lumps that occur inside and encompassing the anus and the anal trench. They are blood vessels that have been caused to expand up and can convert to a quite tender, and seldom painful thing. In more persistent cases, the pain can be quite rigorous. It is a state that once endured, is more prone to happen again.

How many types of piles are?

There are two types of piles depending upon the condition of the person and mentioned are the underlying indications of it.


1. Internal piles (Internal Hemorrhoids)

They are inside the anal canal and the anal opening. They are covered by a mucous layer and are purplish or red. These internal piles are customarily painless.

internal piles

The symptoms of piles that lie inside the anus can be difficult to identify. Although pain is quite normal, the other signs are not apparent. Visible blood strips on toilet paper can be an alarming sign of internal hemorrhoids. Blood is often seen on the pot after use.


2. External piles (External Hemorrhoids)

External piles are brown or black and are seen on the outside of the anal opening and are covered by skin. This type of external piles is usually very painful due to the many nerve endings in the surrounding area.

external piles


Symptoms of Hemorrhoids (External)? - External hemorrhoids cause pain mainly affecting the rectal region. Blood tends to accumulate under the skin, to form painful and hard lumps. This condition is typically known as clotted or thrombosed hemorrhoids. Blood streaks might also, be seen on toilet paper immediately after straining to clear bowel movements.


Knowing what causes this condition is important in treating as well. Some of the causes of piles:

  • It is common for people who experience chronic constipation to suffer from internal or external piles, sooner or later.
  • Cancerous tumors in the rectum can clog the flow of blood and end in piles.
  • Some women get piles throughout their pregnancy due to the squeezing of rectal veins by the uterus.
  • Piles are prevalent, in those who eat unreasonable amounts of (protein diet) prawns, chicken, spicy foods, etc. Those who eat more vegetables and fibrous food rarely get piles.
  • It is a hereditary disease.
  • Piles only occur in an upright posture. This is due to the congestion of blood in the rectal veins due to the impacts of gravitation.


What is the Treatment of piles?


Avoid constipation and straining at the toilet. Use lotions, creams, and suppositories which is aesthetic can ease the distress. Also, banding treatment can be considered. A doctor usually administers this task. Banding of internal piles is frequently painless. This method can be used to treat up to three piles. Piles are less likely to come back after using this method. Other treatment options are:

  • Injection sclerotherapy,
  • Infrared coagulation/photocoagulation,
  • Diathermy and electrotherapy,
  • Traditional operation,
  • Stapled haemorrhoidopexy,
  • Haemorrhoidal artery ligation.

Piles should be taken extremely seriously and treatment by doctors is a must whenever you feel uneasy.


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