What is 10% quota for economical weaker section?

The Union Government recently took a major step by making an amendment in constitution: 10% quota for economical weaker section of the society. The bill seeking 10% quota financially weaker class was proposed in the Lok Sabha by Union Minister Thawarchand Gehlot. As on January 12, 2019 the Central Government of India made 124 th amendment in the Constitution of India, which clearly states 10% reservation for economically backward section to provide benefit the poor upper class and few farming communities. Article 15, which prohibit discrimination on the ground of race, religion, caste, sex or birth place and article 16, which prohibit discrimination in employment in government office are amended for the advancement and improvement on the economically weaker section. Article 46 states the government to enact educational, economical and all kinds of social schemes to empower the weaker population of the country.

The amendment is applicable on:

1. Citizens, with annual income or less than Rs 8, 00,000, or2. Citizens, with owning farming land less than 5 acres, or3. Citizens, with owning house less than 1,000 sq feet.


1. The economical weaker section of the society remained excluded various amenities like getting higher qualification from reputed higher education institutions (private or government aided) and public employment because of their financial incapability. Therefore it is definitely a progressive step for the uplifting of this weaker section.

2. The previous reservation criteria mentioned only fewer classes which were given all kinds privileges. It was always poor upper class of the society was left out of any kind of privileges. As they belong to general category, they were left to live under poverty and hunger. At times, it is nearly impossible to earn 4 square meals a day.

3. The provision will give EBC (Economic Backward Class) relaxation in jobs, higher education and equality in society.

4. This quota has one criteria of reservation i.e. financial backwardness in general category. It has nothing to do with race, religion, caste, and sex or birth place.

5. This reservation does not change anything with reservation of SC, ST, and OBC. The amendment is willingly accepted in 3 states till now: Gujarat, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.


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