SEXUAL TRANSMITTED DISEASE (STD): REASONS, SYMPTOMS, PRECAUTIONS
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) also known as Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) or Venereal Disease refers to a condition where bunch of analogous infection are passed from one person to another during sexual intercourse (oral,vaginal or anal).
If the partner is infected with STD, then the other one is more likely to have this infection. But sexual activity is not the only way to get this infection transferred, by using same towel, inner wears and other ways make it spread easily.
There are more than 20 kinds STD, including: HPI (Human Papillomavirus Infection), infection that creates warts in different parts of the body; Genital Herpes, which is diagnosed by pain and sores in genitals; Chlamydia, which usually doesn’t show any symptoms; Gonorrhea, a bacterial infection which can lead to infertility if left uncured; HIV/AIDS, which makes the body fragile and unable to fight infections; Syphilis, bacterial infection causes painless sore.
The major reasons of STD are
1. Unprotected and unsafe sex
2. The sexual partner is infected with STD
3. The partner is engaged in sexual activities with others at the same time
4. The condom damages while sexual intercourse
5. STDs like HIV or hepatitis B, can also spread through shared needles/syringes, infected blood,
tools and drugs used for tattoos and body piercing.
SYMPTOMS OF STDs IN MEN
Usually the symptoms of STD go unnoticed unless the patient is diagnosed with the disease but there are few kinds of STDs which do show few signs. It generally takes few days to show up or may take a week or so. It involves symptoms like,
1. Abscess around penis
2. Bleeding and discharge through penis
3. Swollen testicles which are usually painful
4. Irritation and abscess around testicles, penis, thighs buttock, anus or mouth
5. Uneasiness or pain during sexual intercourse or while urinating
SYMPTOMS OF STDs IN WOMEN
Women tend to develop health issues that may be hazardous and risking their lives. Though women don’t have visible signs and symptoms of STD until serious problems develop, but definitely few kinds of STDs do show up signs that include
1. If STD spreads in uterus and fallopian tubes, it causes PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). PID may
cause infertility or Ectopic Pregnancy, during which embryo is implanted outside the uterus.
2. Various STDs can cause cervical cancer.
3. HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infection causes genital cancers like genital warts and cervical
cancer, because of changing hormone level.
4. STDs like HIV can be transmitted to unborn babies during pregnancy by infected mothers.
Genital warts are caused by HPV among pregnant women.
1. Abstinence: the best to avoid STD is to follow abstinence, when a person is not sure about the
partner’s physical status. Any doubt regarding STD will be risking personal heath.
2. Proper Vaccination: It is possible to prevent STDs like Hepatitis B and HPV through vaccines.
Before being sexually active, teenage and young adults should make sure to get proper vaccines
against these STDs to ensure health and hygiene.
3. Use of Condoms: it is very important to use during oral, vaginal or anal sex. Every time make
sure to use correct kind of condoms to avoid breakage or leakage. Correct and constant use of
condoms helps reduce the risk of STD.
4. Limit your number of partners: the risk of STD rises if a person has sexual relationship with
multiple partners. It is always advised to have sex with one healthy partner who is not affected
with STD. this practice will be very helpful to keep STDs away.
5. Sex Education: it is a very sensitive and important subject to be dealt these days. Teenagers and
young adults should be educated for their safety. Any wrong move can be hazardous for the
6. Cleanliness: it is all about maintaining a healthy lifestyle by following hygienic practices.
Cleanliness is the most important factor; the genital should be cleaned and hygienic for personal
safety. Healthy habits lead healthy body and healthy lifestyle.
All these practices above mentioned are very important to be taken care. STD is dangerous but only few STDs are curable. Healthy and hygienic practices are always advised to avoid this threatening disease. Proper knowledge and information regarding this disease is essential among every society.
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