For couples, having a child is not only having their family complete but also is a huge blessing. Having a child also nurtures the relationship between the couples and there a sense of fulfillment. Many couples are unable to conceive a child. This can happen due to infertility or such other reasons from either of the partners. In such a case one great alternative is having a child through surrogacy. In today's time, Surrogacy has become so popular.
The term "surrogate" indicates a person that operates as a replacement for another person. Surrogacy is a settlement where a woman takes and carries a child for another person (designated parent) or a couple (intended parents). The surrogate mother is the woman who impregnated with the child. A surrogate mother thus is a woman who rents out her womb to another couple so that they can have their biological baby. The surrogate mother becomes pregnant normally by artificial insemination, using the sperm of either sperm donor, the intended father, or the surgical implantation of an implanted egg to give the child she becomes pregnant with someone else to raise. A contract is usually required and the surrogate consents to give the baby at birth. The agreement may or may not involve a commercial arrangement.
1) Gestational surrogacy is wherein an embryo is created through IVF and then transferred into the surrogate mother's uterus. This is the most common type of surrogacy. With gestational surrogacy, the surrogate mother is not genetically related to the child. Additional gestational surrogacy arrangements include the use of an egg donated from another woman (donor egg) and/or the use of sperm donated from another man (donor sperm).
2) Traditional surrogacy is where the surrogate mother donates her egg and leads the child for the intended parents. The surrogate mother can be inseminated in a process called intrauterine insemination. This process involves the insemination of the intended father's sperm or donated sperm. Another option involves creating embryos using in vitro fertilization (IVF) and then transferring one or more embryos into the surrogate mother's uterus. With traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother is genetically related to the child.
Thus Surrogacy is one of the most advanced means of supported reproduction that is evolving in a steady graph. It is obtaining fame as it is of tremendous help to those who do not want to be pregnant or who cannot conceive because of different medical issues. It is also a blessing for couples of the LGBT community. Surrogacy overseas increases the realm of medical tourism of the host nation as well. This aids development as well by becoming a bonus to the economy.
Surrogacy brings life and therefore spreads a smile to families who do not have a child. Helpless couples fulfill their wishes of parenthood. Surrogacy indeed is a boon. It helps in completing families and enabling couples to enter the world of parenthood and embrace a new life.